Barriers Facing African American Youth

 

Health Disparities & Behavioral Concerns

Health Disparities

Asthma
As of 2013, 16.1% of Black (non-Hispanic) children have been diagnosed at least once with asthma compared to 2.4% of White (non-Hispanic) children and 25.8% of Hispanic children in Baltimore City. (Source: Maryland Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System).

Overweight and Obese
In 2011, 30.7% of Black (non-Hispanic) children in Baltimore City were categorized as overweight and 51.2% were categorized as obese based on body mass index (BMI). This compares to 29.5% overweight and 44.9% obese among children of all races in Baltimore City. (Source: Maryland Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System)

 

Behavioral Challenges

School Suspensions
Among all school suspensions in Baltimore City (pre-K to 12th grade) in 2013-2014, 94.7% of suspensions were among Black or African American youth and 3.2% were among White youth (Source: Maryland State Department of Education via http://datacenter.kidscount.org/). Black or African American youth, though, only make up 85% of enrolled students in the Baltimore City Public Schools (Source: Baltimore City Public Schools District-Wide Performance 2013 School Profile).

Educational Assessments
In the 2013 Maryland School Assessment (MSA), administered to all students in Grades 3-8, 11% of African American students scored at the advanced level for mathematics while 31% of White students and 21% of Hispanic students scored at this same level. In the same year for reading, 16% of African American students scored at the advanced level compared to 37% and 19% for White and Hispanic students, respectively. (Source: Baltimore City Public Schools District-Wide Performance 2013 School Profile)

Violence
In 2012, all 11 juveniles who died by homicide in Baltimore City were Black. (Source: Maryland State Police; Uniform Crime Report: 2005-2012 via http://datacenter.kidscount.org